Hamilton, Nevada

  This Wells Fargo building was built around 1869. High ATM Fee's and other charges caused the bank to fail.

  After the discovery of rich silver lodes high up on Treasure Hill in 1867, a settlement came to life below Treasure Hill dubbed Cave City. Because of the lack of building materials, miners lived in the numerous caves within the area. With the formation of the White Pine Mining District in 1869, the need for a hospitable town site was needed. Five months after a Indian led miners to the site of what would later become the Hidden Treasure mine, a promoter W.H. Hamilton and 2 friends laid out what would become the townsite of Hamilton.
  The town boomed quickly with a population of around 20,000 people. By July 1869 there were 300 children in town, later that year the first schoolhouse was built at a cost of $4000.00. In 1869 Hamilton became the county seat and a courthouse was built at a cost of $55.000. By now Hamilton was booming and the town featured a opera house, two newspapers, 59 general merchandise stores, churches, banks, Miner's union, fraternal order, dance halls, gunsmiths, breweries, a soda factory, skating rinks, and 101 establishments selling liquor.
  There were over 195 White Pine mining companies. Daily stagecoaches left town loaded with bullion for Elko, the nearest town with a railroad, for a while these stages were robbed twice a week.
  The mines of Treasure Hill turned out to be just float and the the mines played out a short distance underground. As the mines started to fail, people began to leave Hamilton and Treasure City. Another blow came to the area when in 1873 the congress demonetized silver.
  In 1873 another
disaster came to Hamilton when a local cigar shop owner set fire to his shop in order to collect insurance. He had tuned off the valves to the city water supply and the fire spread and destroyed a good part of the town. The shop owner was caught, tried and sent to prison.
  Hamilton's final death blow came in 1885 when another fire roared though the town, destroying the many wooden buildings on the main streets. The town was just barely hanging on at this point and could not survive the damage of this fire. After this fire, Hamilton lost the county seat to Ely.

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